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5 min read

Determining if Your Company Qualifies as an Applicable Large Employer (ALE)

Written by
Team Orca
Published on
Est read time
5 min read

An ALE is a company with 50 or more full-time equivalent employees. But what does that mean exactly? Let's break it down.

Being an ALE comes with certain responsibilities and requirements under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). It's important to have a clear understanding of your employer status to ensure compliance and avoid any penalties.

Calculating Your Full-Time Equivalent Employees

When determining your ALE status, calculating your full-time equivalent employees (FTEs) plays a crucial role. FTEs include not only your full-time employees but also the combined hours of your part-time employees. It's vital to factor in both categories to get an accurate count.

For example, if you have 40 full-time employees working 40 hours per week and 20 part-time employees working 20 hours per week, your FTE count would be calculated as follows:

Total FTEs = (Number of Full-Time Employees) + (Number of Part-Time Employees x Average Monthly Hours) / 120

By accurately calculating your FTEs, you can determine whether your company meets the ALE threshold.

Decoding the Definition of Full-Time Employees

Defining full-time employees may sound simple, but it can get a bit tricky. According to the ACA, a full-time employee is someone who works an average of at least 30 hours per week or 130 hours per month. Keep this in mind when tallying up your FTEs!

It's important to note that the ACA provides specific guidelines for determining full-time employee status, including rules for new hires, variable hour employees, and seasonal employees. Understanding these rules will help you accurately identify your full-time employees and calculate your FTE count.

Navigating the 50-Employee Threshold

As mentioned earlier, the magic number for ALE status is 50 employees. But what happens if you have exactly that number? Well, in this case, you may still qualify as an ALE. Be prepared for some additional calculations to determine your exact status, as we'll explore in the next sections.

It's important to note that even if you have fewer than 50 employees, you may still have certain reporting obligations depending on your company's size and structure. Understanding these obligations will help you stay compliant with the ACA requirements.

Unraveling the Rules for Controlled Groups and Affiliated Service Groups

When it comes to ALE status, things can get a bit more intricate if you have multiple businesses or if you have relationships with other companies. Controlled groups and affiliated service groups can impact your status. We'll navigate these rules together to ensure you have a clear understanding.

A controlled group is a group of businesses that are under common ownership or control. If you are part of a controlled group, the employees of all businesses within the group are combined to determine your ALE status.

An affiliated service group is a group of businesses that provide services to each other or have a significant degree of common ownership or control. If you are part of an affiliated service group, the employees of all businesses within the group may need to be combined to determine your ALE status.

Understanding these groupings and their impact on your ALE status is crucial for accurate reporting and compliance.

Seasonal Employees: Factors to Consider

If your business experiences seasonal fluctuations, you might be wondering how this affects your ALE status. Don't worry; we've got you covered! Seasonal employees don't necessarily count the same way as full-time and part-time employees. We'll untangle the web of seasonal employment for you.

The ACA provides specific rules for determining whether an employee is considered seasonal. These rules take into account the nature of your business and the employee's work pattern. Understanding these rules will help you determine whether certain employees should be included in your FTE count.

By correctly identifying your seasonal employees and applying the appropriate rules, you can ensure accurate reporting and compliance with the ACA requirements.

The Impact of ALE Status on Your Business

ALEs are subject to the employer mandate of the Affordable Care Act. This means you may be required to offer affordable healthcare coverage to your full-time employees or potentially face penalties.

But what exactly does it mean to offer affordable healthcare coverage? It means that the coverage you provide must meet certain affordability and minimum value requirements. Affordability is determined by the employee's contribution towards the premium, which should not exceed a certain percentage of their household income. Minimum value, on the other hand, refers to the coverage being designed to pay at least 60% of the total allowed cost of benefits.

In addition, ALEs face additional reporting requirements. The ACA introduced forms such as the 1094-C and 1095-C, which ALEs must complete to provide information about the healthcare coverage offered to employees. These forms require detailed information about the coverage, including the number of full-time employees, the months in which coverage was offered, and the cost of the lowest-cost monthly premium for self-only coverage.

Determining your ALE status is just the first step in this process. Knowing the implications and taking the appropriate actions will help you navigate this complex terrain with confidence. Understanding the requirements and impact can save you from future headaches. Stay informed, seek advice when needed, and remember that running your business smoothly is always the top priority!

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