Healthcare Plans

12 Health Insurance Acronyms Explained

Team Orca
Dec 22, 2023

When it comes to health insurance, knowledge is power. In this article, we'll demystify the world of health insurance lingo, making it easier for you to understand and navigate your policy like a pro.


- There are 2,000+ health plans available to ICHRA consumers, each with its own benefits and limitations.

- Understanding health insurance acronyms (premiums, deductibles, copayments, out-of-pocket maximums, HMO, PPO, EPO, POS, PCPs, specialists, RNs, LPNs, and PTs) can help you make informed decisions.

- Building your health insurance literacy is important for your health and financial well-being.

Acronyms for Health Insurance Costs

Let's start by exploring the concept of premiums. A premium is the amount of money you pay to your insurance provider on a regular basis, typically monthly or annually. It's essentially the cost of having insurance. Understanding how premiums are calculated can help you make informed decisions when choosing a plan that fits your budget.

Next up, deductibles. A deductible is the amount of money you must pay out of pocket before your insurance coverage kicks in. It's important to note that deductibles can vary depending on the type of plan you have. Some plans have high deductibles, so you'll have to pay a significant amount before your insurance starts covering your medical expenses. Other plans have lower deductibles, making it easier to reach the coverage threshold.

Now, let's talk about copayments. A copayment, or copay, is a fixed amount you pay for specific services or medications. For example, you may have a $20 copay for a doctor's visit or a $10 copay for a prescription. Copayments are typically due at the time of service and can vary depending on the healthcare provider or the medication type.

Another important term to understand is the out-of-pocket maximum. This term refers to the maximum amount you'll pay for covered services annually. Once you reach this threshold, your insurance will cover 100% of the costs for the remainder of the year. Knowing your out-of-pocket maximum can provide peace of mind, as it sets a limit on your potential financial liability.

Acronyms Related to Health Insurance Plans

When it comes to health insurance plans, things can get pretty acronym-heavy. It's like learning a new language! But fear not, we're here to help you understand the different types of plans available.

Let's start with HMO, which stands for Health Maintenance Organization. This type of plan typically requires you to choose a primary care physician who will coordinate your healthcare and refer you to specialists when needed.

Another common acronym is PPO, which stands for Preferred Provider Organization. With a PPO plan, you have more flexibility in choosing healthcare providers. You can see specialists without a referral, but you'll pay less if you stay within the network of preferred providers.

Next up is EPO, which stands for Exclusive Provider Organization. Like a PPO, an EPO plan allows you to see specialists without a referral. However, you must stay within the network of providers to receive coverage.

Lastly, we have POS, which stands for Point of Service. This type of plan combines elements of both HMO and PPO plans. You'll need to choose a primary care physician, but you can also see specialists outside the network with a referral.

Acronyms Associated with Health Care Providers

Now, let's shine a light on the acronyms that refer to different types of healthcare providers so you'll know who's providing your care.

First, we have PCP, which stands for Primary Care Physician. Your PCP is your main point of contact for all your healthcare needs. They provide preventive care, diagnose and treat common illnesses, and refer you to specialists when necessary.

Next, we have specialists. Specialists are doctors with expertise in specific areas of medicine. You may come across acronyms like ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat), OB/GYN (Obstetrician/Gynecologist), or Cardiologist (specializes in heart-related conditions).

Other healthcare providers you may encounter include RNs (registered nurses), LPNs (Licensed Practical Nurses), and PTs (Physical Therapists). Each of these providers plays a crucial role in delivering quality care.

Making Informed Health Insurance Decisions

Whether you're a health insurance newbie or a seasoned policyholder looking to expand your knowledge, this brief glossary is here to help. Check our blog regularly for more tips and tricks to help you build your health insurance literacy.

Copy link
By subscribing you agree to with our Privacy Policy.
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
© 2023 Venteur Inc. All right reserved.
This website is operated by Venteur, Inc. and Venteur Insurance Services LLC and is not the Health Insurance Marketplace® website. In offering this website, Venteur Inc. is required to comply with all applicable federal law, including the standards established under 45 CFR §155.220(c) and (d) and standards established under 45 CFR §155.260 to protect the privacy and security of personally identifiable information. This website may not display all data on Qualified Health Plans being offered in your state through the Health Insurance Marketplace® website. To see all available data on Qualified Health Plan options in your state, go to the Health Insurance Marketplace® website at